"Peace can be promoted by the limitation of arms and by the creation of the instrumentality for peaceful settlement of controversies. But it will become a reality only through self-restraint and active effort in friendliness and helpfulness." - Herbert Hoover, (1874-1964), (brainyquotes.com)
Herbert Hoover served as 31st President of the United States, (1929-1933), during the Great Depression. His administration's policies were not sufficient to relieve the economic and individual harm of the stock market crash. The Smoot-Hawley Act was a policy which led to worse markets for American industry as in increased taxes on imports from foreign nations which led to decreased purchases of American-made goods by foreign countries. (biography.com)
Herbert Hoover was an American engineer and business man in the mining industry and he became known as the Great Humanitarian during World War I when he was in charge of famine relief efforts to help citizens in European countries in need of food aid, (1904-1907). Prior to his relief work during WWI he had been instrumental in helping during the Boxer Rebellion in China (1900). He had been orphaned at age nine which may have increased his recognition that everyone needs friendliness and help at times. (mentalfloss.com)
"Peace is not made at the council table or by treaties, but in the hearts of men." -Herbert Hoover
Peace treaties have been made between groups of people and nations throughout history; a long list is available on Wikipedia/List of Treaties, which includes agreements between the United States government with other nations in times of war or peace, and with indigenous groups during the early expansion of the nation.
Land was viewed as something sacred to be protected by indigenous groups rather than something that could be owned and sold. Writing a peace treaty is only as valuable for promoting peace as the actions that follow. Trade between international groups and collaborative projects that equitably protect natural resources have been found to help promote peace in areas with a history of conflict. ("The Sava River Basin: Transitioning to peace in the former Yugoslavia," environmentalpeacebuilding.org)
A great-granddaughter of President Hoover writes about the current political divide in the Unites States and reflects on the past partisan nature of news in and article in the November 2018 issue of Time magazine: "America Is Polarized. It’s Why We Have to Start Listening to Each Other," by Margaret Hoover, 10/25/2018, Time.com. A small percentage of people are active and vocal about the extreme views of party politics, let's try to listen to the many in the middle rather than focus only on the few at the edges of the right/left divide.
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